According To A 2008 Study By The UN World Travel Organisation, Tourism Will Probably Move Toward Higher Latitudes And Altitudes, Where Negative Global Warming Impacts Won’t Be As Drastic.
Maybe no other industry is more dependent on climate than travel and tourism. From warm, sunny, beachfront resorts, to glorious, snowy mountains, and turbulence-free flights, almost all sides of the industry is better off and more profitable when the weather is stable and foreseeable, and travelers can move about safely and without disruption.
According to a 2008 study by the UN World Travel Organisation, tourism will likely move toward higher latitudes and altitudes, where negative climate change impacts may not be as drastic. If that occurs, the highly competitive position of vacation spots will change, leaving some areas to decline as others become more preferred.
Climate change is also envisioned to result in greater weather volatility and related risks to sub-structure. Increased costs, essentially for fuel, will lead on to corresponding erosion of consumer demand for travel, and longer term shifts in climate and weather will affect the value of different destinations. Aside from these direct impacts, climate change will indirectly affect biodiversity, water resources, and changes to the landscape.
These changes, coupled with the ripple effects on communities ( including the likelihood of destabilization in developing countries ), will impact many aspects of popular travel destinations. High-volume hotel and resort destinations will experience increasingly erratic weather, water scarceness, and changes in seasonality. The stakes are particularly high for coastal and island destinations, which are more vulnerable to rising sea level, hurricanes, serious typhoons, flooding, water deficits, and beach erosion. And many of these regions — especially in developing states — have a low capacity to adjust to the changing climate.
Likewise, in areas that rely on wintry conditions and activities for tourism, reduced snow cover and shorter cold seasons at once impact business performance, for example in Medjugorje,in Bosnia and Herzegovina.There you can find a good Medjugorje accommodation when you travel. As noted in the journal Nature Geoscience, white and reflective snow cover is essential to keeping the Earth cool, but as snow softens with hotter temperatures, the reflective capacity is reduced, and the warming is further increased by the less-reflective surface of the planet. This spells difficulty for the winter sports tourism industry.
Despite these changes, there are possibilities for beachside and mountain-based regions alike to adapt to the changing climate. Coastal destinations can construct resorts at a fixed height above sea level, store food for emergencies, implement disaster training and preparedness for staff, and alter existing framework to standards that will bear major weather events. And mountain-based businesses can take a “four-seasons” approach by offering various pursuits like indoor sports, trekking and biking in warmer months, and accelerating retail and spa offerings for visitors. There are also possibilities for airlines and online travel companies.
Hotels and Resorts
Hotels and resorts are exposed to rising sea levels in coastal areas and changing weather patterns for properties starting from waterfront to high elevations. With so many assets located in places that are exposed to the elements, hotels and resorts stand to experience major costs when a giant typhoon comes ashore, or when snow cover recedes — which is already occuring in the western United States. It will be complicated for such firms to secure property and casualty insurance for high-risk geographies, and for locations where damage does occur, premiums will massively increase.
But some forward-thinking hotel firms are working on techniques to address climate risks and reap prospects. Companies such as Starwood Hotels not only report their carbon emissions and risks , they also use their disclosure as an opportunity to talk with business partners about expansion opportunities . Gina Edner, Starwood’s associate director of environmental supportability, said her company receives a large amount of requests for environmental info from business partners. “In chatting to company clients that have experience with climate reporting, a company [in the tourism industry] might discover new areas to grow its business,” she noted.
However , even the best-planned techniques face challenges, as hotels have assets that can’t easily be moved in the face of climate change. To account for this, future-thinking hotel firms with coastal properties might look for other business ventures, such as investments in water-desalination technologies, or they may create policies to site new hotels well above the highest high tide line. They could also consider programs to protect the biodiversity of close by climate-sensitive ecosystems like coral reefs, and seek alternative offerings for visitors that reduce reliance on sun, sand, and surf activities.
In its study, the UN World Tourism Organisation also announced that fuel comprises 20 to 25 % of direct operational costs for airlines. In the entirely possible scenario that corporations are required to pay a carbon tax, fuel costs could skyrocket — further damaging the already battered airline industry. Firms will have to adapt as business and holiday passengers alike begin to change their habits due to higher ticket costs and changing weather patterns influencing their choice destinations. Airlines are also getting hit with losses from grounded, cancelled flights that must be rerouted from hard weather — a problem that is likely to grow.
Luckily , airlines can pursue new opportunities like piloting jets that are far more efficient and investing in biofuels and other choices to petroleum-based fuels. By paying close attention to the latest climate science, carriers might be well placed to predict weather-pattern changes, improve their routing for potency, and increase services to emergent travel destinations, while scaling back services to locations that are seeing reduced demand.
Online Travel Booking Firms
The web travel booking business is also attuned to the rising airline ticket costs that would result from increased fuel costs. If flight fare climbs too high, companies like Orbitz, Travelocity, Expedia, and others could experience reduced demand for travel-related goods and services. Likewise, reduced snowpack or less availability of freshwater could seriously impact high-volume destinations, which would change how vacationers book hotels and resorts. Another change in customer behaviour — the trend toward video conferencing — could also cut back the amount of business these corporations receive from company travelers.
Some companies, such as Travelocity’s parent company Sabre Holdings, are thinking ahead and investing in advanced video-conferencing technology that may be booked online thru their platforms. This technology allows business travelers to host a meeting by booking a room in a hotel where the technology exists, so enabling face time with world comrades without the flight. These firms also have accessibility to immense amounts of info on travel patterns and behaviours of company travel consumers that may be used in business-to-business relationships to reduce company buyers ‘ energy-related costs and also help business partners with climate change reporting, measurement, and management of emissions coming from travel as reported tagza.com.
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